Line Puffer of width 33 The width is defined by the length of the first free-standing line in the puffer's plume. The formula for this is 12n+1-s, where n is the number of middle segments, and s is the number of cells covered by the little 3-cell, 5-unit puff-suppressers on the upper edge of this otherwise symmetrical pattern. Here, n=4, and s=6+5+5. The Y-shaped puff-suppressers can have 5, 6, or 7 units of spacing on between them, or between one of them and the end. You only need 2 or 3 such suppressers to produce any puffer width. Notice that placing random debris behind the puffer sometimes affects the plume permanently - even turning it asymmetrical if the debris was asymmetrical. It also affects the period of the puffer, that is, the number of generations it takes to repeat. By increasing the width, the period can be made to rise exponentially, surpassing 10^6 at a width of only about 70. By Hartmut Holzwart and Al Hensel, April 1994

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